The rusty patched bumblebee is now on the endangered species list, making it the first bee species in the United States to be considered endangered.
The species is “balancing precariously on the brink of extinction,” the agency said. “Just 20 years ago, the rusty-patched bumblebee was a common sight, so ordinary that it went almost unnoticed as it moved from flower to flower, collecting nectar and pollen.”
The decision came as a huge relief to environmentalists, who said they worried the Trump administration would scrap the effort.
The FWS had approved the bee’s endangered listing in the final days of the Obama administration. Shortly after taking office, however, President Donald Trump issued a sweeping “freeze” on Obama-era federal regulations.
On Feb. 9, a day before the bee order was supposed to take effect, the Trump administration delayed the listing until Feb. 21. The Natural Resources Defense Council quickly filed a lawsuit asking a federal court to stop FWS from “violating the law” by delaying the rule without public comment or notice.
“The Trump administration reversed course and lifted the rusty-patched bumblebee as an endangered species just in the nick of time,” Rebecca Riley, a senior attorney with the environmental group, said in a statement released this week.
Now the real work can begin.
By listing a species as endangered, the FWS is required to devise plans for creating “a healthy and secure condition” in the areas where the species is native. That might mean limiting or redefining development in places that are critical to the species’ survival.
A handful of business groups, including the American Petroleum Institute and the National Association of Home Builders, filed an “emergency petition” asking Trump officials to extend the freeze.
Opponents said the Obama administration didn’t take enough time to consider how the bee’s listing would “profoundly” affect human activities, such as residential development and crop production.
But efforts to protect rusty-patched bumblebees had been underway for years.
Once common across the East Coast and Midwest, the bee species has disappeared from about 90 percent of its range in the past two decades. As with many bee types and pollinators, heavy use of pesticides, sprawling real estate development, climate change and other factors have contributed to staggering population declines.
Nectar-loving pollinators play a vital role in sustaining our ecosystems by enabling plants and food crops to thrive and reproduce. As their habitats shrink, however, so do their numbers.
The Xerces Society, which filed the petition triggering the government’s consideration of the rusty-patched, said it was “thrilled to see one of North America’s most endangered species” receive much-needed protection.
When animals are officially placed on the endangered species list, they receive extra protection from the government. Under the Endangered Species Act, for example, we can’t seriously modify the habitat of listed species in a way that would directly hurt them. The US Fish and Wildlife Service told the Associated Press that it would “develop a recovery plan” for the rusty-patched bee. Tentatively, this seems to mean telling local organizations to avoid pesticides that harm bees and use native plants for landscaping.
“This is a positive step towards the conservation of this species, and we now have to roll up our sleeves to begin the actual on-the-ground conservation that will help it move toward recovery,” Sarina Jepsen, director of endangered species at the Xerces Society, said in a statement.
Image via Time