The Kola Superdeep Borehole, otherwise known as the ‘Door to Hell’ is the deepest artificial point on the entire planet. After 26 years of digging, scientists explored the hole, and what they found was beyond anything they ever imagined.
The Kola Borehole is located in Murmansk Oblast, Russia. After reaching 12,262 meters or 40,230 feet deep in 1989, the Kola Superdeep Borehole became the deepest point on Earth. That makes the Kola Borehole deeper than even the deepest point of the ocean.
The idea was first put into action after scientists realized that our knowledge of what is found beyond our own planet, deep into outer space, surpassed that of our knowledge of what is found beneath the Earth’s crust. Of course, all of the words paid off, due to the discoveries made during the exploration of the borehole.
During the excavation, scientists found microscopic fossils of single-celled organisms at 4.3 miles down. They also found water at the same depth. During their research, they also found that the temperature at that depth was an astounding 356 degrees Fahrenheit. Unfortunately, due to the intense temperature, scientists had to halt exploration in 1994.
Furthermore, due to the knowledge they obtained through the borehole, scientists believe that the distance to the center of planet earth is roughly 4,000 miles. The 6,500 kilometers dug to create the whole didn’t even make it close to the Earth’s center, contrary to previous beliefs held by scientists.
“By far the most riveting discovery from the project, however, was the detection of microscopic plankton fossils in rocks over 2 billion years old, found four miles beneath the surface,” reports Bryan Nelson from Mother Nature Network.
“These ‘microfossils’ represented about 24 ancient species, and were encased in organic compounds which somehow survived the extreme pressures and temperatures that exist so far beneath the Earth.”
Unfortunately, the project officially met its end in 2005. Now only the bolted metal cap remains. While the discoveries obtained through the project were quite remarkable, what if scientists had continued the project and dug deeper, imagine what else they could have found. In fact, that absolutely should be the next step for scientists in their endeavors to better understand out planet. As stated before, our scientific knowledge regarding outer space reaches far beyond any knowledge we have of our own planet. And isn’t it about time that we changed that?