Bees are the Earth’s most precious life form because they have such a lively role in the sustenance of ecosystems! Bees pollinate our vegetation and without them, we wouldn’t have any!
By now, you’ve had to hear about bees being crucial to the environment at least once. Because of the rapid growth of pesticide use and deforestation, bees are decreasing significantly every single year. This has caused a tremendous amount of fear for the people of Earth because without bees, there is no humanity. Even more interesting, scientists just discovered yet another amazing benefit of bees! Science has officially discovered that bee sting venom might be the cure for HIV we have been looking for this entire time!
The chemical toxin found in bee sting venom, melittin, is a peptide that can serve as a prophylactic against HIV when applied prior to sexual activity, a new study found. The toxin in bee venom could potentially destroy HIV by creating holes in the envelope that surrounds the lethal virus cells. The study was conducted by researchers from the Washington University.
The researchers discovered that the toxin can destroy cells and kill viruses because it is a cytolytic, which means it destroys cells by increasing permeability. However, it can also damage important human cells if contact is made. The researchers discovered this by attaching melittin to complex nanoparticles. They infused the nanoparticles with the bee venom toxin and a protective bumper was then added to the surface of the nanoparticle which allowed it to bounce off normal cells and leave them intact.
They discovered that when the nanoparticle fuses with the viral envelope that surrounds the cell it forms the pore-link attack complexes that rupture the envelope and strips it of the virus, according to Joshua L. Hood, MD, Ph.D., as reported by Itech Post.
Hood additionally noted that this discovery could be the breakthrough leading to the development of a vaginal gel that stops HIV transmission and even an intravenous treatment to help individuals infected with the virus!